The TDAP vaccine is a group of combination vaccines designed to protect against three common infectious diseases in human beings: measles, pertussis (whooping cough), and diphtheria.
The vaccines contain either killed cells of the causative organism or live virus proteins and sometimes both. The vaccines may be given together or separately to infants, children, pregnant women, men, and women of reproductive age.
Diphtheria is caused by bacteria that invade the immune system’s response to protective antibodies. Pertussis is caused by bacteria that invade the immune system’s response to inflammatory agents. For both infections, the TDAP vaccine contains a combination of live virus proteins and some cells that can grow.
The DAP vaccine is one of several series of vaccines to be used in the United States and globally to reduce the incidence and spread of these diseases. Although a new vaccine has never been licensed in the U.S., it has been used for more than 20 years as part of routine childhood immunization. For this reason, the vaccine has undergone extensive clinical testing to evaluate its safety and effectiveness.
In fact, there is now a group of investigators in the U.S. and abroad that have been conducting independent clinical trials to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine.
Like any vaccine, there may be an adverse reaction to a dose or a combination of doses of the DAP. This may cause the person experiencing the reaction to feel unwell or even develop serious complications. The most common adverse reaction to a dose of the vaccine is an elevated temperature followed by a fever or swelling.
However, some people with pre-existing conditions may be at risk of having an adverse reaction. Some pre-existing conditions that may lead to an adverse reaction include: diabetes, hypothyroidism, cancer, liver or kidney disease, heart disease, liver or kidney disease with cirrhosis, and immune disorders such as leukemia. There are some rare but serious side effects associated with this vaccine: for example, a woman may experience serious bleeding after the vaccination. This is usually transient but may lead to serious problems.
and should always be reported to your health care provider immediately.
Another factor to consider in your decision to administer the vaccine is that the vaccine may be given on an outpatient basis or may need to be given during the night time. If you are having a hospital stay, you may be able to receive a higher dose. Although the amount of vaccine required may increase slightly, you should discuss this with your health care provider before scheduling your appointment.
If you are breastfeeding, you may be asked by your doctor or provider to wait to start breastfeeding until after the completion of your course of treatment. Breastfeeding does not usually interfere with the use of the vaccine.
Safety is always important when using any medication. While this may sound obvious, many people fail to consider that there may be a risk involved with administering this vaccine. Therefore, make sure you discuss this issue with your health care provider prior to starting any treatment or vaccination.
The vaccine may be harmful to a developing fetus. This is especially true if you are expecting a baby.
Even though this is very rare, you may want to avoid pregnancy prior to receiving the DAP. If you are already pregnant, you should discuss this issue with your doctor.
You may also want to ask your doctor to ask any potential adverse reactions that you may have to other medications that you are currently taking. In addition, your doctor may want to check with you about any other factors that could have an effect on your health, such as your medical history.
If you have any questions about your possible adverse reaction, you should contact your health care provider. or the manufacturer of the vaccine to learn more about your condition. It is important to make sure that you understand what may have caused the problem and to get an idea of how long you have been exposed to it.
If you find that you have had an adverse reaction to the vaccine, you should report this to your health care provider as soon as possible. Even if you think that you are fine now, you may be surprised to find out that the problem was caused by a vaccine that you received years ago. The longer you wait to tell your health care provider, the greater is the chance that you may be exposed to another potentially dangerous condition.