Homozygous means that one gene is for the male and the other is for the female. If you have only one copy of either gene, then you are considered homozygous; however, if you have 2 copies on both sides of your chromosomes then you are said to be monozygotic.
This type of genetic disorder is more common in men than women and affects the testes. Normally, there are two genes on each chromosome, but sometimes one of them has a mutation. The mutation could affect the way the gene functions or it could affect the function of other genes involved in the body system.
Some of the mutations that cause this form of genetic disorder are caused by a deletion or an insertional mutation. In most cases, the gene being affected is the male gene. A few of them are caused by a duplication of a male gene which results in a female disorder.
There are many causes of genetic problems and these are known by the terms that are used. A mutation that is considered to be the cause of a disorder will have different effects on a man and woman, depending on their genetic makeup. Some of the more common disorders that have been identified include:
There are different types of homozygosity. The term "monozygotic" simply means that both the parents have the same gene, while "homozygous" is the opposite. A homozygous gene is also called the dominant gene because it produces only one copy. The other type of gene, that produces two copies, is called the recessive gene.
Because mutations in genes cause various effects on different chromosomes, there are different kinds of mutations to consider when looking for the cause of the disorder. When you look at these mutations as separate sets of genes, you can see the difference in how the mutations affect the different genes. This allows for different treatments.
There are also some conditions where a specific genetic condition can be inherited, such as cancer. When looking at a possible cause of cancer, a doctor may not find that the mutation causing the disease is a mutation that can be passed on through the germline. meaning, that mutation is not transmitted from the mother to the child. This type of mutation is called autosomal dominant. meaning that it is passed down in the genes from one parent to its children. Another type of mutation called the mosaic mutation, which is inherited from both parents, is known as dizygotic.
There are some diseases that can cause homozygosity. These are referred to as hematopoietic, or a blood-forming disease where a person’s blood cells develop with both X and Y chromosomes, causing anemia. Other disorders that cause this form of inheritance are cystic fibrosis, leukemia, anemia, and anemia caused by an inherited gene.
Other genetic conditions are referred to as genetic diseases because they cause an imbalance in genes. An example of a genetic disease is Down syndrome, a condition that affects the brain. It is caused by a mutation on chromosome 21. A rare type of cancer that affects the liver is called Leukaemia, and another condition that affects the thyroid is called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
If the disorder is associated with an abnormality in the DNA, the patient will have an increased chance of getting sick or developing disease if the disorder is left untreated. Some genetic conditions cause a higher chance of getting sick. One example of a genetic disorder is diabetes. A genetic disease called Gaucher’s disease causes an increase in the possibility of developing kidney problems.
While all genetic conditions are causes of disease, there are some types of genetic disorders that do not cause any harm to the body. For instance, the hereditary angioedema gene, which is called hemoglobinopathies is an inherited gene that has been shown to have no ill effects. This gene is not harmful to humans, but it can show up in families where the gene is recessive.
Genetic diseases may also be referred to as autosomal recessive, meaning that they are caused by mutations that only affect a single chromosome. This type of mutation is often inherited by both parents. There are many examples of diseases that are not inherited as a result of mutations. This includes diseases like anemia and hemophilia. Most diseases that can be associated with inheritance by inheritance include cancers.