A crystal or a crystalline object is a crystalline solid that has molecules arranged in a highly structured molecular structure, which forms a crystalline lattice, extending in all directions along its length.
A crystal’s molecular structure includes molecules of different sizes and orientations, and different atomic structures as well.
Crystals are formed due to the interaction between particles having similar physical properties, in accordance with the principle of conservation of energy. The atoms of each particle are held together by a repulsion or attraction, and their chemical bonds are held together by similar properties. The force of attraction between atoms also holds the molecules together and holds the atoms in place as well. These molecules are then joined together in crystalline form. This is a repeating process, until the crystal begins to lose its shape.
Different types of crystals exist, depending on their chemical composition, size, location, shape, and chemical bonding. It can be classified into four basic categories:
– Silicon Crystals: They are the most common and most familiar types of crystalline objects.
A silicon crystal is made of the silica compound. A crystal which contains silicon in its structure has a unique chemical structure called a bickel unit. A bickel unit, or a group of two to four carbon atoms, is considered to have special characteristics, such as being a strong electrical conductor, which makes them ideal for use in the production of electricity. Bickel units also form a significant part of the electron shells in matter and are extremely useful in the construction of electronics.
– Magnesium Crystals: Magnesium, like silicon, consists of the magnesium compound. Unlike silicon, magnesium has another component known as manganese, which helps to hold the atoms in place when the crystal is cooled. Crystal formed from manganese and magnesium in a bickel unit are commonly used in jewelry manufacturing.
– Gold Crystals: Gold is an element found naturally in our bodies.
Crystals formed from gold in its bickel units, however, are much stronger than the ordinary gold. Gold crystals are also referred to as “fancy gold,” and are often used in jewelry manufacturing to make gold necklaces and earrings.
– Palladium Crystals: Palladium is similar in composition to gold, but it is much harder. than gold and more dense than silicon. In its bickel unit, a crystal has a special configuration known as a timber-group, which allows it to be a stronger electrical conductor than the former.
– Lead Crystals: Lead, like gold, is an element found naturally in our bodies. Its crystalline lattice forms when it is cooled, and it can then be used as a source of building material.
– Quartz Crystals: Quartz is a natural crystal substance that comes from the nature of nature. This substance is so durable, however, that it can be used in manufacturing to create jewelry, watches, and other electronic devices.
– Rubies: The chemical structure of rubies is composed of an orange colored compound known as rubidium.
Rubies are known to contain an iron core, which is located at the outermost surface of the crystal. Other than this, however, rubies have no other chemical structure. Rubies, however, are often referred to as the most precious gemstone.
– Tanzanite: Tanzanite is a mineral crystal, which consists of an oxide of aluminum oxide. The crystallized under a high pressure.
– Turquoise: The crystal is known by several other names including rubies, amethyst, sapphire, coral, and jade. The color of the crystal is brownish or gray, depending upon where it is found. Turquoise is the most important stone found in Florida.
A crystal’s chemical composition is the most important aspect, because a good crystal must be able to withstand heat and other chemical elements without breaking down. Crystal materials which are too porous can break when exposed to high temperatures, causing the crystal to expand or contract, producing noise.